Document Detail

Reproductive outcome after methotrexate treatment of tubal pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15302275     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reproductive outcome after ectopic pregnancy (EP) treated with methotrexate (MTX) and to assess the relative contribution of various risk factors to future fertility. DESIGN: Telephone follow-up interviews in a cohort of patients treated for EP. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A cohort of 158 patients treated with MTX for tubal pregnancies between April 1991 and March 1999. INTERVENTION(S): Assessment of fertility outcomes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Cumulative pregnancy rates for intrauterine and ectopic pregnancies. RESULT(S): Thirty-two patients (20.2%) were lost to follow-up. Of 126 patients, 93 (73.8%) sought to become pregnant, and of these 93 women, 76 (81.7%) did. Sixty-four pregnancies were spontaneous, and 12 resulted from in vitro fertilization (IVF). No pregnancies occurred in the group not trying to become pregnant. Of the 64 spontaneous pregnancies, 52 (81.2%) were intrauterine, with 12 (18.7%) resulting in miscarriages, and 12 (18.7%) were recurrent ectopic pregnancies. The cumulative intrauterine pregnancy rate was 57.5% after 1 year and 66.9% after 2 years. The cumulative ectopic pregnancy rate was 15.4% after 1 year and 23.7% after 2 years. After adjusting for factors associated with fertility with a Cox regression, only one factor was associated with poor reproductive performance: previous history of infertility. CONCLUSION(S): Within 1 year of seeking to become pregnant, more than half the women previously treated medically for EP conceived and had ongoing pregnancies. Our analysis indicates that fertility depends more on the patients' previous medical history than on her treatment for EP.
Amélie Gervaise; Laurent Masson; Renaud de Tayrac; René Frydman; Hervé Fernandez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fertility and sterility     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0015-0282     ISO Abbreviation:  Fertil. Steril.     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-10     Completed Date:  2004-09-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372772     Medline TA:  Fertil Steril     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  304-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital Antoine Béclère (AP-HP), 157 rue de la Porte-de-Trivaux, Clamart 92140, France.
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MeSH Terms
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal / therapeutic use*
Fertility / drug effects,  physiology*
Fertilization in Vitro
Methotrexate / therapeutic use*
Pregnancy Outcome*
Pregnancy, Tubal / prevention & control*
Reproduction / drug effects,  physiology*
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal; 59-05-2/Methotrexate

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