Document Detail

Reproducibility and Robustness of a Real-Time Microfluidic Cell Toxicity Assay.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21506521     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Numerous opportunities exist to apply microfluidic technology to high-throughput and high-content cell-based assays. However, maximizing the value of microfluidic assays for applications such as drug discovery, screening, or toxicity evaluation will require assurance of within-device repeatability, day-to-day reproducibility, and robustness to variations in conditions that might occur from laboratory to laboratory. This report describes a study of the performance and variability of a cell-based toxicity assay in microfluidic devices made of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS). The assay involves expression of destabilized green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter of intracellular protein synthesis and degradation. Reduction in cellular GFP due to inhibition of ribosome activity by cycloheximide (CHX) was quantified with real-time quantitative fluorescence imaging. Assay repeatability was measured within a 64-chamber microfluidic device. Assay performance across a range of cell loading densities within a single device was assessed, as was replication of measurements in microfluidic devices prepared on different days. Assay robustness was tested using different fluorescence illumination sources and reservoir-to-device tubing choices. Both microfluidic and larger scale assay conditions showed comparable GFP decay rates upon CHX exposure, but the microfluidic data provided the higher level of confidence.
Gregory A Cooksey; John T Elliott; Anne L Plant
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Analytical chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-6882     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370536     Medline TA:  Anal Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Biochemical Science Division, NIST , Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States.
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