Document Detail

Reproducibility and Diagnostic Accuracy of Three-Layer Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in a Swine Chronic Ischemia Model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21967399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: The subendocardial myocardium normally has higher systolic strain than the subepicardial myocardium and can be damaged first in face of ischemia. We investigated the reproducibility and feasibility of novel three-layer speckle tracking system and compared the diagnostic accuracy with experienced visual interpretation. Methods: An ameroid constrictor was placed around the proximal left circumflex (LCX) coronary artery in 19 pigs. Four weeks later, subtotal stenosis was confirmed in all pigs by coronary angiogram. Two dead pigs and three pigs with pathological infarction were excluded. Transthoracic left ventricle (LV) short-axis echocardiograms were recorded at rest before and 4 weeks after the operation. LV posterior wall motion was scored by two experienced doctors and analyzed by the speckle tracking system (n = 14). Results: Strain variables gave reasonable intra/interobserver reproducibility (mean absolute percentage errors = 13/19, intraclass correlation coefficients = 0.97/0.92). All strain variables and visual wall-motion scores changed significantly during stenosis (P < 0.05). Of all variables, endocardial strains, particularly the circumferential strain demonstrated the highest area under curve (AUC), showing better diagnostic accuracy than experienced visual interpretation (sensitivity 0.93 vs. 0.79, specificity 0.93 vs. 0.73, AUC 0.95 vs. 0.77, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Three-layer speckle tracking is a feasible and reproducible modality. In particular, endocardial speckle tracking provides incremental value in accurately identifying regional ischemia even in the rest echocardiography. (Echocardiography, ****;**:1-8).
Koichi Kimura; Katsu Takenaka; Aya Ebihara; Kansei Uno; Hiroshi Iwata; Masataka Sata; Takahide Kohro; Hiroyuki Morita; Yutaka Yatomi; Ryozo Nagai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine Laboratory Medicine Computational Diagnostic Radiology and Preventive Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan Department of Translational Research for Healthcare and Clinical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
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