Document Detail

Reprint of "Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation - Basic principles and clinical evidence"
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24657381     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation has been the most widely used left ventricular assist device for nearly five decades. Due to diastolic inflation and systolic deflation, coronary blood flow is increased and afterload decreased translating into augmentation of oxygen supply and lowering of oxygen demand. However, IABP may be associated with serious complications, including major bleeding, stroke, local and systemic infections and vascular complications. These might counterbalance the potential beneficial hemodynamic effects. In clinical routine, IABP is mainly used in high-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction, especially when complicated by cardiogenic shock. Further, prophylactic IABP use is frequently performed in patients at high risk for hemodynamic instability undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Current evidence, however, does not fully support routine use of IABP in these settings. This review focuses on the basic principles of IABP and discusses current evidence.
Suzanne de Waha; Steffen Desch; Ingo Eitel; Georg Fuernau; Philipp Lurz; Marcus Sandri; Gerhard Schuler; Holger Thiele
Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-3-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vascular pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3649     ISO Abbreviation:  Vascul. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101130615     Medline TA:  Vascul Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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