Document Detail

Representations of eyeglasses on Gothic winged altars in Austria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9476615     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The oldest representation of eyeglasses in the German-speaking area is found on the altar of Tyrol Castle in the Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck, Tyrol, on an altarpiece depicting the death of the Virgin Mary (1370-1372). Other representations of eyeglasses are found in Klosterneuburg, Lower Austria, Albrechtsaltar, collegiate collection, death of the Virgin (1439); St. Lorenzen ob Murau, daughter church St. Lorenzen, Styria, Katharinenaltar, Disputation (1455-1460); Pettau (Ptuj), Pokrajinjski Muzej, Slovenia (then belonging to the archbishopric of Salzburg), Conrad Laib, St. Bernardine of Siena with a spectacle case (1460-1465); on two altars by Michael Pacher: Pharisee, Gries near Bolzano (1471-1475), apostle mourning over the death of the Virgin Mary, and St. Luke, St. Wolfgang in Salzkammergut (1481); St. Florian, Upper Austria, collegiate collection, altar of the provost Leonhard Riesenschmid of St. Florian, death of the Virgin (1487); museum of Wilten monastery, Innsbruck, Ludwig Konraiter, St. Ottilie with reading stones and death of the Virgin Mary with reading apostle (1485-1490); Austrian Gallery Belvedere, Vienna, Master of Grossgmain, St. Augustine (1498); Austrian Gallery Belvedere, Vienna, Master of Mondsee, St. Augustine (1490-1500); Diocesan museum Graz, Styria, altar of Hirschegg, death of the Virgin (1503); Krenstetten, Lower Austria, Stefan-Altar, Disputation (1500-1520); Museum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck, Matheis Stöberl, Jesus and the scribes with a spectacle case (early 16th century).
F Daxecker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Documenta ophthalmologica. Advances in ophthalmology     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0012-4486     ISO Abbreviation:  Doc Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-08     Completed Date:  1998-04-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370667     Medline TA:  Doc Ophthalmol     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-88     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
University Eye Clinic, Innsbruck, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Architecture as Topic / history
Christianity / history
Eyeglasses / history*
History, 15th Century
History, 16th Century
Medicine in Art*
Paintings / history*

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