Document Detail


Representational blending in human conditional learning: Implications for associative theory.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12791571     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In two experiments, participants were presented with pictures of different foods (A, B, C, D, X,) and learned which combinations resulted in an allergic reaction in a fictitious patient, Mr X. In Problem 1, when A or B (but not C or D) was combined with food X an allergic reaction occurred, and when C or D (but not A or B) was combined with Y an allergic reaction occurred. In Experiment 1, participants also received Problem 2 in which A, B, C, and D interacted with foods V and W either in the same way as X and Y, respectively, or in a different way. Participants performed more proficiently in the former than in the latter condition. In Experiment 2, after training on Problem 1, participants judged whether or not novel combinations of foods (e.g., AB, CD, AD, CB) would cause an allergic reaction in Mr X. They were no more likely to indicate that AB or CD would cause an allergic reaction than AD or CB, but made their judgements more rapidly and with greater confidence on AB and CD trials than on AD and CB trials. These results (1) indicate that shared representations come to be addressed by the components of similar compounds (e.g., AX and BX) that have predicted the same outcome (an allergic reaction), and (2) are inconsistent with standard, associative theories of learning, but (3) are consistent with findings from nonhuman animals and with a connectionist interpretation of these findings.
Authors:
K I Hodder; D N George; A S Killcross; R C Honey
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. B, Comparative and physiological psychology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0272-4995     ISO Abbreviation:  Q J Exp Psychol B     Publication Date:  2003 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-06     Completed Date:  2003-07-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8107270     Medline TA:  Q J Exp Psychol B     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  223-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3YG, Wales, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Association*
Conditioning (Psychology)
Feedback
Humans
Judgment
Learning*
Psychological Theory*
Random Allocation
Visual Perception

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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