Document Detail

Reporting and selection bias in case-control studies of congenital malformations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1637899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Retrospective studies of congenital malformations frequently rely on exposures reported by study subjects. Differential error in exposure reporting by cases and controls, which has alternatively been referred to as "recall bias" and "reporting bias," may result in a biased effect measure. Some authors have attempted to avoid reporting bias by comparing exposures between two malformed groups, rather than between cases and nonmalformed controls. This approach, however, may introduce its own bias, which we call selection bias. Both reporting bias and selection bias are shown to be algebraically equivalent to bias arising from exposure misclassification. The magnitudes of these biases are compared for a range of plausible parametric values. The case-control design is sensitive to both differential reporting and selection bias, and the choice of study design involves balancing these two sources of bias.
S H Swan; G M Shaw; J Schulman
Related Documents :
9917119 - Multinational outbreak of salmonella enterica serotype newport infections due to contam...
2382679 - Serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor in patients with glomerulonephritis.
10390259 - Adapting the gang model: peer mentoring for violence prevention.
24639949 - Acute simultaneous ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament and patellar tendon.
37989 - Neurotransmitter-related enzymes in senile dementia of the alzheimer type.
1250229 - The third component of complement (c'3) level in patients with uveitis.
8919389 - A case of double fingernail and ectopic fingernail.
9610979 - Propofol bolus facilitates reduction of luxed temporomandibular joints.
6603209 - Conservative treatment of bleeding stomal varices.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1044-3983     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiology     Publication Date:  1992 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-31     Completed Date:  1992-08-31     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9009644     Medline TA:  Epidemiology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  356-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Epidemiological Studies Section, California Department of Health Services, Berkeley 94704.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Congenital Abnormalities / classification,  epidemiology*
Selection Bias*
Comment In:
Epidemiology. 1993 Mar;4(2):182-4   [PMID:  8452908 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Geographical differences in myocardial infarction incidence in eight Swedish counties, 1976-1981.
Next Document:  Moderate maternal and paternal alcohol consumption and the risk of spontaneous abortion.