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Reporting and interpreting red blood cell morphology: is there discordance between clinical pathologists and clinicians?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25280365     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Clinical pathologists (CPs) report RBC morphologic (RBC-M) changes to assist clinicians in prioritizing differential diagnoses. However, reporting is subjective, semiquantitative, and potentially biased. Reporting decisions vary among CPs, and reports may not be interpreted by clinicians as intended.
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to survey clinicians and CPs about RBC-M terms and their clinical value, and identify areas of agreement and discordance.
METHODS: Online surveys were distributed to small animal clinicians via the Veterinary Information Network and to CPs via the ASVCP listserv. A quiz assessed understanding of RBC-M terms among respondent groups. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze responses to survey questions, and quiz scores were compared among groups.
RESULTS: Analyzable responses were obtained from 1662 clinicians and 82 CPs. Both clinicians and CPs considered some terms, eg, agglutination, useful, whereas only CPs considered other terms, eg, ghost cells, useful. All groups interpreted certain terms, eg, Heinz bodies, correctly, whereas some clinicians misinterpreted others, eg, eccentrocytes. Responses revealed that CPs often do not report RBC-M they consider insignificant, when present in low numbers. Twenty-eight percent of clinicians think CPs review all blood smears while only 19% of CPs report reviewing all smears.
CONCLUSIONS: Important differences about the clinical relevance of certain RBC-M terms exist between clinicians and CPs. Inclusion of interpretive comments on CBC reports is the clearest way to ensure that RBC-M changes are interpreted as intended by the CP. Reporting practices should be examined critically to improve communication, transparency, and ultimately medical decisions.
Ashleigh W Newman; Mark Rishniw; Erica Behling-Kelly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary clinical pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-165X     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Clin Pathol     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-4    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9880575     Medline TA:  Vet Clin Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology and European Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology.
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