Document Detail


Reporting Sexual Harassment in the Military: Associations Between Victims' Perceptions of the Reporting Process and Psychosocial Well-being.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24410254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Given the importance of reporting to sexual harassment prevention and intervention efforts, is not surprising that an extensive scientific literature has developed on predictors of victims' decisions about making a formal report to authorities about their experiences. In contrast, little empirical work has focused on how reporting affects victims, particularly their psychosocial well-being. This study used a national sample of 1,562 former military Reservists who had experienced sexual harassment during their service to examine the relationship between reporting, experiences reporting, and psychosocial well-being, as indicated by post-harassment functioning, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at their worst following the harassment, and current symptoms of depression. Making a formal report was not associated with well-being, but among those who did report, perceiving that the report had resulted in the harassment being addressed by authorities was associated with better post-harassment functioning and fewer symptoms of PTSD. Satisfaction with the reporting process showed the strongest association with well-being, demonstrating small but meaningful associations with depression and medium-to-large and medium associations with post-harassment functioning and PTSD, respectively. Although findings did not vary by gender, predictors accounted for more variance in well-being for men than women. In the whole sample, satisfaction with the reporting process mediated the relationship between victims' perceptions of system responsiveness to the report and post-harassment functioning and PTSD. Findings suggest that a victim's perceptions of and satisfaction with the reporting process may impact well-being more strongly than whether or not the victim made a report to authorities. Men may be even more strongly impacted by their experiences with the reporting process than women.
Authors:
Margret E Bell; Amy E Street; Jane Stafford
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1529-9740     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma Dissociation     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100898209     Medline TA:  J Trauma Dissociation     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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