Document Detail

Reporting Sexual Harassment in the Military: Associations Between Victims' Perceptions of the Reporting Process and Psychosocial Well-being.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24410254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Given the importance of reporting to sexual harassment prevention and intervention efforts, is not surprising that an extensive scientific literature has developed on predictors of victims' decisions about making a formal report to authorities about their experiences. In contrast, little empirical work has focused on how reporting affects victims, particularly their psychosocial well-being. This study used a national sample of 1,562 former military Reservists who had experienced sexual harassment during their service to examine the relationship between reporting, experiences reporting, and psychosocial well-being, as indicated by post-harassment functioning, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at their worst following the harassment, and current symptoms of depression. Making a formal report was not associated with well-being, but among those who did report, perceiving that the report had resulted in the harassment being addressed by authorities was associated with better post-harassment functioning and fewer symptoms of PTSD. Satisfaction with the reporting process showed the strongest association with well-being, demonstrating small but meaningful associations with depression and medium-to-large and medium associations with post-harassment functioning and PTSD, respectively. Although findings did not vary by gender, predictors accounted for more variance in well-being for men than women. In the whole sample, satisfaction with the reporting process mediated the relationship between victims' perceptions of system responsiveness to the report and post-harassment functioning and PTSD. Findings suggest that a victim's perceptions of and satisfaction with the reporting process may impact well-being more strongly than whether or not the victim made a report to authorities. Men may be even more strongly impacted by their experiences with the reporting process than women.
Margret E Bell; Amy E Street; Jane Stafford
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1529-9740     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma Dissociation     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100898209     Medline TA:  J Trauma Dissociation     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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