Document Detail

Reported alcohol intake, diet and body mass index in male smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8730611     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The study was carried out to determine associations of reported alcohol intake with diet and body mass index. Type and frequency of consumed alcohol were also considered. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The baseline examination of the participants of the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study in 1985-1988. SUBJECTS: 27215 middle-aged Finnish male smokers. INTERVENTIONS: The diet was assessed by a self-administered food use questionnaire: Subject's habitual diet and alcohol intake over the previous 12 months were asked. Body mass index was used as the measure of adiposity. RESULTS: Energy intake from food was not related to alcohol intake. Although alcohol consumption was associated with food selection (eg berry and coffee consumption), this only slightly influenced daily nutrient intakes. Intake of spirits was more consistently related to higher body mass index than that of other alcoholic beverages. Daily alcohol intake had a much smaller association with body mass index than less frequent use, independently of the total consumption. CONCLUSIONS: The differences in nutrient intake between abstainers, light and moderate alcohol consumers were small although the consumption of many foods varied with alcohol consumption. Even if alcohol consumption is one noteworthy factor associated with weight, the energy from alcohol increases body weight less than expected; both the type and frequency of consumed alcohol may explain why energy from alcohol is utilized less efficiently than non-alcoholic energy.
S Männistö; P Pietinen; J Haukka; M L Ovaskainen; D Albanes; J Virtamo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  1996 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-09-26     Completed Date:  1996-09-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  239-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutrition, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking*
Body Mass Index*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet / standards*
Energy Intake
Middle Aged
Niacin / administration & dosage
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:

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