Document Detail


Report from SCOOP task 3.2.10 "collection of occurrence data of Fusarium toxins in food and assessment of dietary intake by the population of EU member states". Subtask: trichothecenes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15342090     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In 2001 the SCOOP (SCOOP: Scientific Co-operation on Questions relating to Food) task 3.2.10 "Collection of occurrence data of Fusarium toxins in food and assessment of dietary intake by the population of EU Member States" was established. The task was divided in three subtasks (zearalenone, fumonisins and trichothecenes). Results of the subtask trichothecenes, which is co-ordinated by The Netherlands, will be presented. About 35,000 results were received about occurrence of 12 different trichothecenes (deoxynivalenol (DON), nivalenol (NIV), 3 and 15 acetyl-deoxynivalenol (3/15-AcDON), fusarenon-X (FUS-X), T-2 and HT-2 toxin, T2-triol, diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS), neosolaniol (NEOSOL, monoacetoxyscirpenol (MAS) and verrucarol (VOL)) in various food and food raw materials from 12 countries. Only the results of DON, NIV, T-2 and HT-2 toxin are included in this paper, because most of the data refer to these toxins and only for these trichothecenes the Scientific Committee for Food sets (temporary)-Tolerable Daily Intakes (t-TDIs). Occurrence data: By far most of the occurrence data were obtained for DON in wheat. Among cereals, corn showed the highest level of contamination with trichothecenes. Consumption data: There is a significant lack of consumption data in some countries. In particular information on baby's and children's food is generally not available. Intake data: Wheat and wheat containing products (like bread and pasta) represent the major source of intake for the four trichothecenes. The mean intakes for DON are below the TDI, however for the young children groups the mean intakes are sometimes (very) close to the TDI. By comparing the high intake levels for DON with the TDI, it is clear that especially for the young children groups most of the intakes are above the TDI. For NIV, the (mean and high level) intakes are far below the TDI. The summarised T-2 and HT-2 toxin intakes are in most cases (for the mean as well as the high level intake) above the t-TDI.
Authors:
Ronald C Schothorst; Hans P van Egmond
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicology letters     Volume:  153     ISSN:  0378-4274     ISO Abbreviation:  Toxicol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-02     Completed Date:  2004-10-29     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7709027     Medline TA:  Toxicol Lett     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory for Food and Residue Analyses (ARO), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands. ronald.schothorst@rivm.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Cereals / chemistry*
Child
Child, Preschool
Eating
European Union
Female
Food Contamination*
Fusarium / metabolism*
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Trichothecenes / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Trichothecenes

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