Document Detail


Report of the Australian National Polio Reference Laboratory. 1 January 1999 to 30 June 1999. Towards WHO certification as wild poliovirus-free: laboratory surveillance in Australia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10615795     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Since 1994 the Australian National Polio Reference Laboratory at the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory has been responsible for virological confirmation of the eradication of poliomyelitis in Australia. The laboratory is also a World Health Organization Western Pacific regional polio reference laboratory and the national polio laboratory for the Pacific Island countries and for Brunei Darussalam. It is now over two years since the last case of poliomyelitis was detected in the Western Pacific region of the World Health Organization. The co-operation of staff in all laboratories where polioviruses are handled and where samples from acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) patients are submitted is required until Australia and the region can be declared wild poliovirus-free. The characterisation of all polioviruses isolated in Australia in this reporting period led to the apparent detection of a non Sabin vaccine-like poliovirus in an environmental sample. The virus was found to be identical to a laboratory control isolate by sequencing. The environmental virus is therefore characterised as a contaminant, not a wild isolate. The investigation is outlined in this article, as well as the results of investigation and characterisation of all referred polioviruses.
Authors:
M Kennett; V Stambos; A Turnbull; A Ibrahim; H Kelly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Communicable diseases intelligence     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0725-3141     ISO Abbreviation:  Commun. Dis. Intell.     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-24     Completed Date:  2000-01-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9108419     Medline TA:  Commun Dis Intell     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  324-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Epidemiology and Public Health Division, Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Carlton South.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Australia / epidemiology
Humans
Laboratories / standards
Paralysis / epidemiology*,  virology
Poliomyelitis / epidemiology*,  virology
Poliovirus / classification*,  isolation & purification*
Population Surveillance*
World Health Organization

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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