Document Detail

Replacing relative reinforcing efficacy with behavioral economic demand curves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16602377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Relative reinforcing efficacy refers to the behavior-strengthening or maintaining property of a reinforcer when compared to that of another reinforcer. Traditional measures of relative reinforcing efficacy sometimes have led to discordant results across and within studies. By contrast, previous investigations have found traditional measures to be congruent with behavioral economic measures, which provide a framework for integrating the discordant results. This study tested whether the previously demonstrated congruence between traditional relative reinforcing efficacy measures and behavioral economic demand curve measures is sufficiently robust to persist when demand for one reinforcer is altered. Cigarette smokers pulled plungers for cigarettes or two magnitudes of money on progressive-ratio schedules that increased the response requirement across sessions. Demand for the two different reinforcers was assessed in single-schedule and concurrent-schedule sessions. Demand curve measures Pmax and Omax correlated significantly with traditional measures of breakpoint and peak response rate, respectively. Relative locations of demand curves for money and cigarettes under single schedules predicted preference in concurrent schedules in most cases. Although measures of relative reinforcing efficacy for money changed with money magnitude, the congruence between traditional and behavioral economic measures remained intact. This robust congruence supports the proposal that demand curves should replace measures of relative reinforcing efficacy. The demand curve analysis illustrates why concordance between traditional measures is expected under some experimental conditions but not others.
Matthew W Johnson; Warren K Bickel
Related Documents :
3124167 - Effects of haloperidol and d-amphetamine on perceived quantity of food and tones.
12882377 - Changes in stimulus salience as a result of stimulus preexposure: evidence from aversiv...
12822687 - Determinants of pigeons' choices in token-based self-control procedures.
1955817 - Food-paired stimuli as conditioned reinforcers: effects of d-amphetamine.
11132467 - Food allergy and food intolerance in childhood.
12807657 - Accuracy of minimum data set in identifying residents at risk for undernutrition: oral ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-10     Completed Date:  2006-09-08     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Vermont, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Choice Behavior
Conditioning, Operant*
Middle Aged
Psychomotor Performance
Reinforcement Schedule*
Smoking / psychology*
Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Feedback functions, optimization, and the relation of response rate to reinforcer rate.
Next Document:  Second-order schedules of token reinforcement with pigeons: implications for unit price.