Document Detail


Replacement of dietary saturated fatty acids by trans fatty acids lowers serum HDL cholesterol and impairs endothelial function in healthy men and women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11451757     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We tested whether trans fatty acids and saturated fatty acids had different effects on flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD), a risk marker of coronary heart disease (CHD). Consumption of trans fatty acids is related to increased risk of CHD, probably through effects on lipoproteins. Trans fatty acids differ from most saturated fatty acids because they decrease serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and this may increase the risk of CHD. We fed 29 volunteers 2 controlled diets in a 2x4-week randomized crossover design. The "Trans-diet" contained 9.2 energy percent of trans fatty acids; these were replaced by saturated fatty acids in the "Sat-diet." Mean serum HDL cholesterol after the Trans-diet was 0.39 mmol/L (14.8 mg/dL), or 21% lower than after the Sat-diet (95% CI 0.28 to 0.50 mmol/L). Serum low density lipoprotein and triglyceride concentrations were stable. FMD+SD was 4.4+/-2.3% after the Trans-diet and 6.2+/-3.0% after the Sat-diet (difference -1.8%, 95% CI -3.2 to -0.4). Replacement of dietary saturated fatty acids by trans fatty acids impaired FMD of the brachial artery, which suggests increased risk of CHD. Further studies are needed to test whether the decrease in serum HDL cholesterol caused the impairment of FMD.
Authors:
N M de Roos; M L Bots; M B Katan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1524-4636     ISO Abbreviation:  Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.     Publication Date:  2001 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-13     Completed Date:  2001-09-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505803     Medline TA:  Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1233-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Human Nutrition and Epidemiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Weight
Brachial Artery / physiology
Cholesterol, HDL / blood*
Coronary Disease / etiology
Cross-Over Studies
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Endothelium, Vascular / physiology*
Fatty Acids / administration & dosage*
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / administration & dosage
Female
Humans
Male
Margarine
Reproducibility of Results
Vasodilation*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, HDL; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 8029-82-1/Margarine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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