Document Detail

Repetitive centromeric satellite RNA is essential for kinetochore formation and cell division.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25365994     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Chromosome segregation requires centromeres on every sister chromatid to correctly form and attach the microtubule spindle during cell division. Even though centromeres are essential for genome stability, the underlying centromeric DNA is highly variable in sequence and evolves quickly. Epigenetic mechanisms are therefore thought to regulate centromeres. Here, we show that the 359-bp repeat satellite III (SAT III), which spans megabases on the X chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster, produces a long noncoding RNA that localizes to centromeric regions of all major chromosomes. Depletion of SAT III RNA causes mitotic defects, not only of the sex chromosome but also in trans of all autosomes. We furthermore find that SAT III RNA binds to the kinetochore component CENP-C, and is required for correct localization of the centromere-defining proteins CENP-A and CENP-C, as well as outer kinetochore proteins. In conclusion, our data reveal that SAT III RNA is an integral part of centromere identity, adding RNA to the complex epigenetic mark at centromeres in flies.
Silvana Rošić; Florian Köhler; Sylvia Erhardt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cell biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8140     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell Biol.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-5    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375356     Medline TA:  J Cell Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 Rošić et al.
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