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Reperfusion of the rat brain tissues following acute ischemia: the correlation among diffusion-weighted imaging, histopathology, and aquaporin-4 expression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22040570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although some studies have reported that aquaporin-4 (AQP4) plays a role in the post-ischemic edema formation and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), little is known about the AQP4 expression in stage of the reperfusion following acute cerebral ischemia, as well as the correlation between histopathology and DWI. The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation among DWI, histopathology and the AQP4 expression in the reperfused rat brain tissues following acute ischemia.
METHODS: Seventy Wistar rats were randomly divided into a control group (group A), and several occluded and reperfusion groups. They had their middle cerebral artery unilaterally occluded (MCAO) for 30 minutes (group B) followed by 30 minutes (group D) or 60 minutes (group E) of reperfusion, or 60 minutes of MCAO (group C) followed by 30 minutes (group F), or 60 minutes (group G) of reperfusion (n = 10 for each group). All rats underwent DWI scanning. The relative apparent diffusion coefficient (rADC) value of each rat was calculated. All the rats were sacrificed and the cerebral ischemic tissues were examined for histopathology. Real-time fluro-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western-blotting were performed. The amount of AQP4 mRNA (Ex(-ΔΔCt)) and AQP4 protein (Q) was statistically analyzed. The correlation between rADC values and AQP4 mRNA expression was analyzed with the Pearson correlation test.
RESULTS: In all the reperfusion groups, the areas of hyper-intensity signal in DWI were decreased, and the rADC value increased and the AQP4 expression decreased significantly compared with the occluded group (t = 26.89, t = 18.26, P < 0.01). There was a negative correlation between AQP4 mRNA expression and rADC values (r = -0.72, P < 0.01). A mixed edema, composed of cerebral intracelluar edema and vasogenic brain edema, was observed in all the reperfusion groups. It was more prevalent in groups D and F than in the groups E and G. With the reperfusion time postponed, the cerebral intracelluar edema of the rat was significantly mitigated, but the vasogenic brain edema was not significantly changed.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a close correlation between AQP4 expression and the cerebral intracellular edema. The change of ADC values may indirectly reflect the level of the AQP4 expression. DWI may become a promising, noninvasive imaging modality to predict early stroke and reperfusion injury.
Authors:
Hong Lu; Hui Hu; Zhan-Ping He
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  124     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3148-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Affiliated Haikou Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University (Haikou Municipal People's Hospital), Haikou, Hainan 570208, China (Email: cqluh@sohu.com).
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