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Repercussion of physiotherapy intradialytic protocol for respiratory muscle function, grip strength and quality of life of patients with chronic renal diseases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21541450     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease consists in the slow, progressive and irreversible loss in renal function and it is considered a social and economic problem worldwide, since it is linked to numerous diseases, as well as to higher public health spending. It is known that dialysis patients undergo a long period of restricted physical activity reflects in dysfunctions in various organical systems and in the quality of their lives. OBJECTIVE: To verify the results of physical therapy intervention in patients on hemodialysis, for respiratory muscle function, grip strength and quality of life. METHODOLOGY: Experimental, nonrandomized, quantitative and qualitative of a sample of 13 patients, 43.69 ± 9.28 years, on hemodialysis in the hospital Santa Casa de Diamantina/MG, selected by convenience. All patients were evaluated for maximal respiratory pressures (PImax e PEmax ) and peak expiratory flow (PFE), before and after physiotherapy, which consisted of 3 sessions per week for a period of 2 months weeks: exercises for upper limbs, with technique PNF and breathing diaphragmatic; strengthening exercises for lower limbs and use of exerciser ball. Statistical analysis was performed using the student-t test and significance value at p < 0.05. RESULTS: Respective means for the variables before and after intervention were: PImáx (97.69 ± 28.3 cmH2O e 98.46 ± 23.39 cmH2O) p = 0.93; PEmáx (83.07 ± 31.19 cmH2O e 88.46 ± 14.0 cmH2O) p = 0.46 e PF (375.38 ± 75.23 L/min e 416.15 ± 57.37 L/min) p = 0.02. The dynamometer average pre intervention was: 57.23 ± 17.39 kgf and post intervention: 56.61 ± 16.09 kgf. In the SF-36, which evaluates the quality of life, improvement was observed in the eight domains, except the item 'vitality'. Of all the variables measured only the PFE was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The proposed physical therapy protocol did not promote significant improvements in those variables, the statistical point, explaining in part the small sample size, time of protocol and proposed interventions.
Elizabeth Rocha E Rocha; Silvia Mourão Magalhães; Vanessa Pereira de Lima
Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  Jornal brasileiro de nefrologia : 'orgao oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia     Volume:  32     ISSN:  2175-8239     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9426946     Medline TA:  J Bras Nefrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  359-371     Citation Subset:  -    
Vernacular Title:
Repercussão de um protocolo fisioterapêutico intradialítico na funcionalidade pulmonar, força de preensão manual e qualidade de vida de pacientes renais crônicos.
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