Document Detail

Repeated cycles of restricted food intake and binge feeding disrupt sensory-specific satiety in the rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22366270     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The relationship between food restriction and subsequent dysregulation of food intake is complex, variable and long-lasting. The present study investigated in rats whether repeated cycles of food restriction and binge feeding opportunities may alter regulation of food intake by employing a test for sensory-specific satiety. Rats that experienced repeated food restriction-binge cycles maintained heavier body weights compared to rats that remained on continuous food restriction. In contrast to the control subjects, rats that alternated between food restriction and binge feeding failed to display sensory-specific satiety. During the first meal, there was a gradual decrease in the amount of food intake over a 40min period. When presented with a second meal of the same food, these rats responded to the familiar food in a manner similar as to a novel food (i.e., comparable quantities of both types of food were consumed). Food restriction-binge feeding cycles may be considered as a form of stress, which in turn is associated with cross-sensitization to numerous behavioral responses. Therefore, we propose that stress-induced disruption of sensory-specific satiety reflects a sensitized response to food, in which the interaction between sensory and satiety factors are no longer the key regulators of food choice and meal cessation. Furthermore, a role for sensory-specific satiety in terminating food intake appeared to decline with the progression of the cycles, thereby contributing to a steady increase in body weight of rats that experienced restriction with bouts of binge feeding opportunities.
Soyon Ahn; Anthony G Phillips
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural brain research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7549     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004872     Medline TA:  Behav Brain Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T 2A1, Canada.
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