Document Detail


Repeated acute hypoxia temporarily attenuates the ventilatory respiratory response to hypoxia in conscious newborn rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10400145     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We asked whether repeated hypoxic exposures during the early neonatal periods could affect the ventilatory control, such as the lung volume-dependent ventilatory inhibition (HBR), pulmonary ventilation (VE), and CO2 production (VCO2). Within each litter of rats, one group of pups (experimental group H) was exposed to 6% O2 (30-min duration twice a day from postnatal d 1 to 4). The other group (control group C) was exposed to air. At 5 d after birth, the HBR was triggered by lung inflation via negative body surface pressure (10 cm H2O). Measurements of VE and VCO2 were done by plethysmography and the inflow-outflow CO2 difference, respectively. At 2 wk of age, VE and VCO2 measurements were repeated by the barometric technique and the inflow-outflow CO2 difference, respectively. Each conscious pup was breathing normoxia (21% O2) and then hypoxia (10% O2). Results were as follows: 1) during normoxia, HBR was stronger and both VE and VCO2 were higher in H pups than in C pups; 2) during hypoxia, the HBR of C was as in normoxia, whereas that of H was increased above the normoxic value; 3) during hypoxia, C maintained VE, whereas H decreased it; 4) in hypoxia, VCO2 was reduced significantly in both groups; 5) at 2 wk of age, VE and VCO2 did not differ between H and C during normoxia or in response to 10% hypoxia. We conclude that in rat pups, repeated hypoxic episodes can modify the HBR and, at least temporarily, reduce the VE response to hypoxia with a decrease in VCO2. The findings are in agreement with the view that repeated hypoxic exposures in the neonatal period could interfere with the development of respiratory control and could possibly be involved in the mechanisms of neonatal apnea or sudden infant death syndrome.
Authors:
T Matsuoka; T Yoda; S Ushikubo; S Matsuzawa; T Sasano; A Komiyama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric research     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0031-3998     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Res.     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-24     Completed Date:  1999-08-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0100714     Medline TA:  Pediatr Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  120-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Carbon Dioxide / analysis
Consciousness
Lung Volume Measurements
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Reference Values
Respiration, Artificial* / instrumentation
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

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