Document Detail


Repeat fertility and contraceptive implant use among Medicaid recipients in Colorado.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8959419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Late in 1991, Colorado's Medicaid program approved coverage for the hormonal contraceptive implant among Medicaid recipients. Subsequently, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment undertook an analysis of data supplied by the state's Medicaid program of the probability of repeat births among Medicaid recipients. According to life-table analysis of two cohorts of women in the database who had their first Medicaid-eligible birth in 1991 and 1992, the rate of repeat delivery within 24 months of the preceding birth fell from 14.1% among 11,554 women who first delivered in 1991 to 10.6% among 13,624 women who first delivered in 1992. The 25% decline in the rate of repeat births between the two cohorts was statistically significant. These rates were higher among Medicaid-eligible mothers who first gave birth as teenagers-22.3% in the 1991 cohort and 15.9% in the 1992 cohort. Among the 2,739 Medicaid-eligible women who delivered in 1992 and chose to use the implant within six months of delivery, the repeat delivery rate was just 2.5% within 24 months; this proportion was virtually the same among implant users in the 1992 cohort who first gave birth as teenagers (2.3%).
The hormonal contraceptive implant was approved for use by the US Food and Drug Administration in December 1990, after which Colorado's Medicaid program approved the implant as a program method in November 1991. This paper reports findings on repeat delivery rates and implant use in a population of Medicaid-eligible women in Colorado. Two cohorts of women who had their first Medicaid-eligible birth in 1991 and 1992 were studied. The rate of repeat delivery within 24 months of the preceding birth fell from 14.1% among 11,554 women who first delivered in 1991 to 10.6% among 13,624 women who first delivered in 1992. This 25% decline in the rate of repeat births between the two cohorts was statistically significant. Among Medicaid-eligible mothers who first gave birth as teenagers, the rates were 22.3% in the 1991 cohort and 15.9% in the 1992 cohort. Among the 2739 Medicaid-eligible women who delivered in 1992 and chose to use the implant within 6 months of delivery, the repeat delivery rate was only 2.5% within 24 months. The repeat delivery rate among implant users in the 1992 cohort who first gave birth as teenagers was 2.3%.
Authors:
S A Ricketts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Family planning perspectives     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0014-7354     ISO Abbreviation:  Fam Plann Perspect     Publication Date:    1996 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-03-19     Completed Date:  1997-03-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0241370     Medline TA:  Fam Plann Perspect     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  278-80, 284     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denver, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Colorado
Contraception Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
Contraceptive Agents, Female*
Drug Implants
Female
Fertility
Humans
Levonorgestrel*
Life Tables
Medicaid*
Pregnancy / statistics & numerical data*
Public Health
United States
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptive Agents, Female; 0/Drug Implants; 797-63-7/Levonorgestrel

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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