Document Detail


Repeat-cycle study of high-dose intravenous 4162W94 anti-CD4 humanized monoclonal antibody in rheumatoid arthritis. A randomized placebo-controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12364634     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Results of an earlier open-label pilot study showed that 4162W94 was a relatively non-depleting anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody that induced >80% down-modulation of CD4 molecules from the surface of T lymphocytes. This placebo-controlled repeat-cycle study was conducted in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients to determine the duration of CD4 blockade required to achieve lasting clinical benefit. METHODS: Following DMARD washout, 48 patients (i.e. three cohorts of 16 patients) with ACR-defined RA were to be dosed with 1 (cohort 1), 2 (cohort 2) or 3 (cohort 3) cycles of 5x300 mg 4162W94 or placebo (12 and 4 patients per cohort respectively) at monthly intervals. There was at least 3 months of follow-up after dosing. Clinical outcome was assessed in evaluable patients (receiving at least 80% of each dose course) using ACR20 criteria (required on two consecutive visits). CD4 lymphocyte counts and adverse events were also monitored. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were dosed in each of the first two cohorts; however, the dose was reduced in cohort 3 after five patients had received up to two dose cycles due to accumulating evidence of a high frequency of skin rash. These patients were analysed according to the number of cycles received. A further eight patients received 5x100 mg for one to three cycles prior to stopping the study for administrative reasons. Four of 13 (P=0.119 vs placebo) and 7/13 (P=0.015 vs placebo) in cohorts 1 and 2 respectively achieved ACR20 response on at least two consecutive occasions. No patient receiving 5x100 mg/day or placebo achieved ACR20. Four patients were still responding at the end of the 3-month follow-up period. CD4 lymphocyte suppression (<0.2x10(9)/l on at least two successive occasions) occurred in 11/34 patients who received 4162W94 vs none on placebo. Rash occurred in 21/34 monoclonal antibody-treated patients, including one case of biopsy-confirmed cutaneous vasculitis and 1/11 placebo patients. CONCLUSION: 4162W94 demonstrated significant clinical efficacy in this study. However, because of unacceptable CD4 lymphopenia and rash, the original hypothesis that prolonged CD4 blockade would give lasting clinical benefit was not tested.
Authors:
E H S Choy; G S Panayi; P Emery; S Madden; F C Breedveld; M C Kraan; J R Kalden; A Rascu; J C C Brown; N Rapson; J M Johnston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rheumatology (Oxford, England)     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1462-0324     ISO Abbreviation:  Rheumatology (Oxford)     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-04     Completed Date:  2002-11-22     Revised Date:  2007-09-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883501     Medline TA:  Rheumatology (Oxford)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1142-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
GKT School of Medicine, King's College London, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Antigens, CD4 / immunology*
Arthritis, Rheumatoid / immunology,  therapy*
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Cohort Studies
Female
Humans
Immunoglobulins / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Immunophenotyping
Injections, Intravenous
Male
Middle Aged
Placebos
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/4162W94 IgG1; 0/Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0/Antigens, CD4; 0/Immunoglobulins; 0/Placebos

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