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Repair of facial scars by the free expanded deltopectoral flap.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23358015     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: : Facial scars caused by burns and trauma severely affect patients' function and appearance. The expanded deltopectoral flap to local shift is the traditional method of repair, but for patients with the compulsive position after pedicle transfer, the therapeutic outcome is not satisfactory. The authors explored the surgical procedures for repairing facial scars by using the free expanded deltopectoral flap, which can reduce patient suffering and ensure a satisfactory outcome.
METHODS: : Eighteen patients with large facial scars underwent repair using free expanded deltopectoral flaps. After expansion, the flaps were transplanted to repair facial scars by vascular anastomosis. If the contour was not good and the pedicle was clumsy, another operation to thin the flaps was performed to perfect the repair.
RESULTS: : The 18 patients achieved satisfactory results. All of the flaps survived and the skin color, texture, and contour were well matched to those of the peripheral tissue. Six months postoperatively, the flaps had partially recovered sensation, and no adverse effect on facial expression was detected. One patient experienced venous congestion but the flap was successfully salvaged; another patient experienced expander exposure because of infection during saline injection. The asymmetric position of the nipples during the early phase improved gradually over time.
CONCLUSION: : After expansion and free transplantation, the deltopectoral flap has proved to be more effective than flaps used traditionally and will become one of the best choices for the treatment of facial scars.
CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: : Therapeutic, V.
Authors:
Baoqiang Song; Jianhui Zhao; Shuzhong Guo; Chenggang Yi; Chaohua Liu; Lin He; Yang Li; Jianchuan Shao; Xi Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  131     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  200e-8e     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Xi'an, Shaanxi, and Zhangzhou, Fujian, People's Republic of China From the Institute of Plastic Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, and the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, the 175th Hospital of PLA, Affiliated Southeast Hospital of Xiamen University.
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