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Renoprotective and antioxidant effects of cilnidipine in hypertensive patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22763473     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cilnidipine, an L/N-type calcium channel blocker (CCB), has been reported to have more beneficial effects on proteinuria progression in hypertensive patients than amlodipine, an L-type CCB. The N-type calcium channel blockade that inhibits renal sympathetic nerve activity might reduce glomerular hypertension by facilitating vasodilation of the efferent arterioles. However, the precise mechanism of the renoprotective effect of cilnidipine remains unknown. Because cilnidipine exerted significantly higher antioxidant activity than amlodipine in cultured human mesangial cells, we hypothesized that cilnidipine might exert a renoprotective effect by suppressing oxidative stress. A total of 35 hypertensive patients receiving a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor were randomly assigned to a cilnidipine (n=18; 10 mg per day cilnidipine titrated to 20 mg per day) or amlodipine (n=17; 5 mg per day amlodipine titrated to 10 mg per day) group; the target blood pressure (BP) was set at 130/85 mmHg. After 6 months of treatment, systolic and diastolic BPs were significantly reduced in both of the groups, without any significant difference between the groups. The urinary albumin, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (OHdG) and liver-type fatty-acid-binding protein (L-FABP) to creatinine ratios significantly decreased in the cilnidipine group (P<0.05) compared with those in the amlodipine group. The reductions in urinary albumin, 8-OHdG and L-FABP were not correlated with the change in systolic BP. In conclusion, cilnidipine, but not amlodipine, ameliorated urinary albumin excretion and decreased urinary 8-OHdG and L-FABP in the hypertensive patients. Cilnidipine probably exerts a greater renoprotective effect through its antioxidative properties.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 5 July 2012; doi:10.1038/hr.2012.96.
Authors:
Takeshi Soeki; Mitsuhiro Kitani; Kenya Kusunose; Shusuke Yagi; Yoshio Taketani; Kunihiko Koshiba; Tetsuzo Wakatsuki; Shunsuke Orino; Kazuhiro Kawano; Masataka Sata
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1348-4214     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.
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