Document Detail

Renin and vasopressin responses to graded reductions in atrial pressure in conscious dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8160864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypovolemia activates reflexes that stimulate secretion of renin and arginine vasopressin (AVP). A large body of evidence, obtained mainly in anesthetized preparations, supports the hypothesis that unloading cardiac receptors stimulates increases in plasma AVP and renin activity (PRA). We have observed significant increases in PRA before any change in either mean arterial pressure (MAP) or pulse pressure in conscious dogs undergoing continuous hemorrhage; however, plasma AVP did not change until there was a significant fall in MAP. These results are compatible with the hypothesis that cardiac receptors cause reflex stimulation of renin but not AVP secretion. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that a decrease in atrial pressure alone is sufficient to stimulate an increase in plasma AVP and PRA. Graded thoracic inferior vena caval constriction (TIVCC) was used to reduce atrial pressure in four steps without altering MAP in conscious dogs. In a fifth step, TIVCC was increased to cause a fall in MAP. A reduction in left atrial pressure (LAP) of 4.2 +/- 0.9 mmHg was accompanied by a significant (P < 0.05) increase in PRA from a control value of 0.4 +/- 0.1 ng angiotensin I (ANG I).ml-1.3 h-1 to 1.1 +/- 0.2 ng ANG h-1 but no change in plasma AVP (from 1.0 +/- 0.1 to 1.2 +/- 0.2 pg/ml) or MAP (from 85 +/- 5 mmHg to 86 +/- 4 mmHg).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
C P O'Donnell; C J Thompson; L C Keil; T N Thrasher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  266     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-19     Completed Date:  1994-05-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R714-21     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143.
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MeSH Terms
Arginine Vasopressin / blood*
Blood Pressure*
Heart Atria
Heart Rate
Renin / blood*
Vena Cava, Inferior
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
113-79-1/Arginine Vasopressin; EC

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