Document Detail

Renin-induced hypertension in Wilms tumor patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16794999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Since the report that hypertension associated with Wilms tumor (WT) may be renin-induced, no larger series than 13 patients have been published. Nevertheless, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have become treatment of choice for hypertension in WT patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between plasma renin levels and blood pressure in a larger cohort of WT patients. PROCEDURE: In this retrospective, single-center study, data on blood pressure and plasma renin were analyzed in 86 WT patients treated according to the consecutive SIOP protocols 6, 9, 93-01, and 2001. RESULTS: At diagnosis, 47 WT patients suffered from hypertension (55%). In 31 of these patients plasma renin levels were analyzed; increased plasma renin levels were found in 25/31 patients (81%). In contrast, normal plasma renin levels were measured in 8/13 of the patients with a normal blood pressure (P = 0.012). Twenty-eight children received antihypertensive treatment before surgery, in 25 of them blood pressure normalized before surgery. Blood pressure was normal directly after surgery in all patients but 4, in whom blood pressure recovered to normal within a few weeks. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study shows that hypertension in WT patients is associated with elevated plasma renin levels, indicating that ACE inhibitors may be a good therapeutic option in at least a subset of WT patients with hypertension before nephrectomy.
M H Maas; K Cransberg; M van Grotel; R Pieters; M M van den Heuvel-Eibrink
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric blood & cancer     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1545-5009     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Blood Cancer     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-08     Completed Date:  2007-05-11     Revised Date:  2009-01-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101186624     Medline TA:  Pediatr Blood Cancer     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  500-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, Erasmus MC, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
Blood Pressure
Child, Preschool
Hypertension / drug therapy,  etiology*
Kidney Neoplasms / blood,  physiopathology*
Renin / blood*
Retrospective Studies
Wilms Tumor / blood,  physiopathology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; EC

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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