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Renin- and Prorenin-Induced Effects in Rat Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Overexpressing the Human (Pro)Renin Receptor: Does (Pro)Renin-(Pro)Renin Receptor Interaction Actually Occur?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22025376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Renin/prorenin binding to the (pro)renin receptor ([P]RR) results in direct (angiotensin-independent) second-messenger activation in vitro, whereas in vivo studies in rodents overexpressing prorenin (≈400-fold) or the (P)RR do not support such activation. To solve this discrepancy, DNA synthesis, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation, and plasminogen-activator inhibitor 1 release were evaluated in wild-type and human (P)RR-overexpressing vascular smooth muscle cells after their incubation with 1 to 80 nmol/L of (pro)renin. Human prorenin (4 nmol/L, ie, ≈800-fold above normal) + angiotensinogen increased DNA synthesis in human (P)RR cells only in an angiotensin II type 1 receptor-dependent manner. Prorenin at this concentration also increased plasminogen-activator inhibitor 1 release via angiotensin. Prorenin alone at 4 nmol/L was without effect, but at 20 nmol/L (≈4000-fold above normal) it activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 directly (ie, independent of angiotensin). Renin at concentrations of 1 nmol/L (≈2000-fold above normal) and higher directly stimulated DNA synthesis, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation, and plasminogen-activator inhibitor 1 release in wild-type and human (P)RR cells, and similar effects were seen for rat renin, indicating that they were mediated via the rat (P)RR. In conclusion, angiotensin generation depending on prorenin-(P)RR interaction may occur in transgenic rodents overexpressing prorenin several 100-fold. Direct (pro)renin-induced effects via the (P)RR require agonist concentrations that are far above the levels in wild-type and transgenic rats. Therefore, only prorenin (and not [P]RR) overexpression will result in an angiotensin-dependent phenotype, and direct renin-(P)RR interaction is unlikely to ever occur in nonrenin-synthesizing organs.
Wendy W Batenburg; Xifeng Lu; Frank Leijten; Ulrike Maschke; Dominik N Müller; A H Jan Danser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1524-4563     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Pharmacology and Vascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany; Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.
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