Document Detail

Renal function reserve and sodium sensitivity in essential hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8759940     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
It has been postulated that glomerular capillary pressure is elevated in sodium-sensitive types of hypertension. In addition, the presence or absence of renal function reserve, in response to a chronic protein load, is thought to be useful in predicting the existence of glomerular hypertension. Intrarenal hemodynamic parameters in the sodium-sensitive type of essential hypertension were therefore calculated by analyzing the pressure-natriuresis curve, and the preservation of renal function reserve was evaluated. Fifteen patients with essential hypertension were maintained on a normal sodium diet for 1 week and a low-sodium diet for a second week in study 1. This protocol was repeated for low and high protein intake in 8 patients in study 2. Subjects in study 1 whose mean arterial pressure was reduced by more than 10% by sodium restriction were considered sodium sensitive (n = 7), with the remaining patients classified as non-sodium sensitive (n = 8). There were no significant differences in mean arterial pressure (125 +/- 2 mm Hg), glomerular filtration rate (80 +/- 3 ml/min), or renal plasma flow rate (355 +/- 24 ml/min) on the normal sodium diet between sodium-sensitive and non-sodium-sensitive patients. Glomerular capillary pressure (59 +/- 2 mm Hg vs 47 +/- 1 mm Hg, p < 0.0002) was estimated to be elevated in sodium-sensitive patients relative to that in non-sodium-sensitive patients, whereas the whole kidney ultrafiltration coefficient of glomerular capillary walls (0.068 +/- 0.009 (ml/sec)/mm Hg vs 0.221 +/- 0.042 (ml/sec)/mm Hg, p < 0.005) was decreased. Chronic protein loading increased both glomerular filtration and renal plasma flow rates in study 2. Although the sodium sensitivity of blood pressure showed no significant correlation with the increase in either glomerular filtration or renal plasma flow rate, it showed a weak negative correlation with the increase in filtration fraction (r = -0.69, p < 0.06), which is the ratio of the two rates. Taken together, these results suggest that glomerular capillary pressure is elevated and renal function reserve is impaired in patients with sodium-sensitive essential hypertension.
T Sanai; G Kimura
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine     Volume:  128     ISSN:  0022-2143     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Lab. Clin. Med.     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-05     Completed Date:  1996-12-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375375     Medline TA:  J Lab Clin Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-97     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Medicine, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Blood Proteins / analysis
Drug Resistance
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Kidney / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Renal Circulation
Sodium / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Proteins; 7440-23-5/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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