Document Detail

The Renal Circulation in 1 Normal Pregnancy and Preeclampsia. Is there a place for relaxin?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24647709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
During the 1st trimester of human pregnancy, the maternal systemic circulation undergoes remarkable vasodilation. The kidneys participate in this vasodilatory response resulting in marked increases in renal plasma flow (RPF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Comparable circulatory adaptations are observed in conscious gravid rats. Administration of the corpus luteal hormone, relaxin (RLN), to non-pregnant rats and humans elicits vasodilatory changes like those of pregnancy. Systemic and renal vasodilation are compromised in midterm pregnant rats by neutralization or elimination of circulating RLN, and in women conceiving with donor eggs who lack a corpus luteum and circulating RLN. Although RLN exerts both rapid (minutes) and sustained (hours to days) vasodilatory actions through different molecular mechanisms, a final common pathway is endothelial nitric oxide. In preeclampsia (PE), maternal systemic and renal vasoconstriction leads to hypertension and modest reduction in GFR exceeding that of RPF. Elevated level of circulating soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 secreted by the placenta is implicated in the hypertension and disruption of glomerular fenestrae and barrier function, the former causing reduced Kf and the latter proteinuria. Additional pathogenic factors are discussed. Last, potential clinical ramifications include RLN replacement in women conceiving with donor eggs and its therapeutic use in PE. Another goal has been to apply knowledge gained from investigating circulatory adaptations in pregnancy to identifying and developing novel therapeutic strategies for renal and cardiovascular disease in the non-pregnant population. So far, one candidate to emerge is RLN and its potential therapeutic use in heart failure.
Kirk P Conrad; John M Davison
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Renal physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1466     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901990     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Renal Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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