Document Detail

Removal from stimuli for crisis intervention: using least restrictive methods to improve the quality of patient care.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9052099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The use of seclusion or seclusion and restraints (S/SR) may affect patients negatively, even if controlling their behavior in the short run, by placing them in the "victim" role and fostering a corrosive atmosphere of patient-caregiver mistrust and alienation. This project's goal was to reduce the use of the most restrictive measures by increasing the use of the less restrictive removal from stimuli (RFS). Verbally and even physically threatening patients in a psychiatric intensive care unit were removed from stimuli if their behaviors were not sustained and they ultimately cooperated with staff. RFS was deemed successful when a patient did not need more restrictive measures following its use. The data for this study were obtained by tabulating RFS and S/SR utilization rates for a year. Frequencies, measures of variance, ratios, and t ratios were used to analyze the data. The use of RFS and other nonrestrictive measures to reduce patient stress and frustration resulted in decreased utilization of seclusion and restraints. The frequency and severity of negativistic, aggressive behaviors of patients were also observed to have diminished.
K Canatsey; J M Roper
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Issues in mental health nursing     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0161-2840     ISO Abbreviation:  Issues Ment Health Nurs     Publication Date:    1997 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-03-20     Completed Date:  1997-03-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7907126     Medline TA:  Issues Ment Health Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  35-44     Citation Subset:  N    
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, West Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Crisis Intervention / methods*
Nursing Evaluation Research
Physical Stimulation*
Psychiatric Nursing / methods*
Quality of Health Care*
Restraint, Physical
Social Isolation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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