Document Detail


Removal of estrogens in municipal wastewater treatment under aerobic and anaerobic conditions: consequences for plant optimization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15224734     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The removal of estrogens (estrone E1, estradiol E2, and ethinylestradiol EE2) was studied in various municipal wastewater treatment processes equipped for nutrient removal. A biological degradation model is formulated, and kinetic parameters are evaluated with batch experiments under various redox conditions. The resulting model calculations are then compared with sampling campaigns performed on differenttypes of full-scale plant: conventional activated-sludge treatment, a membrane bioreactor, and a fixed-bed reactor. The results show a > 90% removal of all estrogens in the activated sludge processes. (Due to the analytical quantification limit and low influent concentrations, however, this removal efficiency represents only an observable minimum.) The removal efficiencies of 77% and > or = 90% for E1 and E2, respectively, in the fixed-bed reactor represent a good performance in view of the short hydraulic retention time of 35 min. The first-order removal-rate constant in batch experiments observed for E2 varied from 150 to 950 d(-1) for a 1 gSS L(-1) sludge suspension. The removal efficiency of E1 and EE2 clearly depends on the redox conditions, the maximum removal rate occurring under aerobic conditions when E1 was reduced to E2. Sampling campaigns on full-scale plants indicate that the kinetic values identified in batch experiments (without substrate addition) for the natural estrogens may overestimate the actual removal rates. Although this paper does not give direct experimental evidence, it seems that the substrate present in the raw influent competitively inhibits the degradation of E1 and E2. These compounds are therefore removed mainly in activated sludge compartments with low substrate loading. Theoretical evaluation leads us to expect that diffusive mass transfer inside the floc (but not across the laminar boundary layer) appreciably influences the observed degradation rates of E1 and E2, but not of EE2.
Authors:
Adriano Joss; Henrik Andersen; Thomas Ternes; Philip R Richle; Hansruedi Siegrist
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-30     Completed Date:  2004-10-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3047-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
EAWAG, Ueberlandstrasse 133, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland. adriano.joss@eawag.ch
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteria, Anaerobic / physiology
Biodegradation, Environmental
Bioreactors
Estradiol / isolation & purification*,  metabolism*
Estrogens / isolation & purification*,  metabolism*
Estrone / isolation & purification*,  metabolism*
Ethinyl Estradiol / isolation & purification*,  metabolism*
Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods*
Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification*,  metabolism*
Water Purification / methods*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estrogens; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 50-28-2/Estradiol; 53-16-7/Estrone; 57-63-6/Ethinyl Estradiol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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