Document Detail

Removal of atmospheric effects from satellite imagery of the oceans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20198035     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
In attempting to observe the color of the ocean from satellites, it is necessary to remove the effects of atmospheric and sea surface scattering from the upward radiance at high altitude in order to observe only those photons which were backscattered out of the ocean and hence contain information about subsurface conditions. The observations that (1) the upward radiance from the unwanted photons can be divided into those resulting from Rayleigh scattering alone and those resulting from aerosol scattering alone, (2) the aerosol scattering phase function should be nearly independent of wavelength, and (3) the Rayleigh component can be computed without a knowledge of the sea surface roughness are combined to yield an algorithm for removing a large portion of this unwanted radiance from satellite imagery of the ocean. It is assumed that the ocean is totally absorbing in a band of wavelengths around 750 nm and shown that application of the proposed algorithm to correct the radiance at a wavelength lambda requires only the ratio () of the aerosol optical thickness at lambda to that at about 750 nm. The accuracy to which the correction can be made as a function of the accuracy to which can be found is in detail. A possible method of finding from satellite measurements alone is suggested.
H R Gordon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied optics     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0003-6935     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Opt     Publication Date:  1978 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0247660     Medline TA:  Appl Opt     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1631-6     Citation Subset:  -    
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