Document Detail

Remote-Conditioning Ischemia Provides a Potential Approach to Mitigate Contrast Medium-Induced Reduction in Kidney Function: A Retrospective Observational Cohort Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21952203     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Contrast medium administration during imaging and therapeutic procedures can cause renal injury, partly due to ischemia. Therefore, we hypothesized that brief ischemia and reperfusion episodes applied at a distant site - multiple balloon inflations and deflations during angioplasty - may serve as a remote-conditioning (RC) stimulus and thereby protect against contrast-induced kidney injury. To test this hypothesis, we (1) utilized cases from a prior study in which patients undergoing emergent angioplasty for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction received either 1-3 balloon inflations (controls) or were 'conditioned' with multiple (≥4) inflations, and (2) assessed renal function for 3 days in patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <90 ml/min/1.73 m(2) prior to revascularization (mild kidney disease). Both groups displayed increased eGFR at day 1 after angioplasty versus baseline; attributed to in-hospital hydration (control: 77 ± 14 vs. 68 ± 12 ml/min/1.73 m(2); p < 0.01; RC: 81 ± 21 vs. 69 ± 12 ml/min/1.73 m(2); p < 0.01). In controls, this improvement was transient: eGFR subsequently decreased to 70 ± 14 ml/min/1.73 m(2) at day 3 (p < 0.05). In contrast, the RC group (despite receiving 25% more contrast volume) showed no functional decline at day 3 (80 ± 14 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). These results are consistent with remote ischemic conditioning providing a novel potential approach to attenuate contrast-associated renal injury.
Peter Whittaker; Karin Przyklenk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology     Volume:  119     ISSN:  1421-9751     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1266406     Medline TA:  Cardiology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  145-150     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich., USA.
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