Document Detail


Remodeling of fetoplacental arteries in rats due to chronic hypoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21742476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The increased fetoplacental vascular resistance due to chronic hypoxia cannot be explained by simple hypoxic vasoconstriction, as it sustains to some degree after recovery in normobaric environment. To verify a hypothesis that fetoplacental arteries undergo remodeling of their walls similar to remodeling of pulmonary arteries in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension, we used a model of the chronically hypoxic rat placenta. Han Wistar pregnant rats were exposed to 14-day hypoxia (10% of oxygen) during the 6th to 19th day of pregnancy. Chronic hypoxia elicited in both intraplacental (prelabyrinthine) and chorionic plate (insertion) arteries significant narrowing of their lumina. Irregular thickening of their adventitia due to an increase in collagen fibers as well as ground substance was observed; reticular fibers were fragmented. Because of remodeling of fetoplacental arteries, a model of chronically hypoxic rat placenta could simulate human preplacental hypoxia and consequent effects.
Authors:
A Hvizdošová-Kleščová; J Uhlík; M Malina; H Vulterinová; T Novotný; L Vajner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft fur Toxikologische Pathologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1618-1433     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208920     Medline TA:  Exp Toxicol Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Charles University in Prague, Second Faculty of Medicine, Department of Histology and Embryology, V Úvalu 84, Prague 5, Motol, CZ 150 06, Czech Republic.
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