Document Detail

Remodeling of the epitope repertoire of a candidate idiotype vaccine by targeting to lysosomal degradation in dendritic cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22089857     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The generation of efficacious vaccines against self-antigens expressed in tumor cells requires breakage of tolerance, and the refocusing of immune responses toward epitopes for which tolerance may not be established. While the presentation of tumor antigens by mature dendritic cells (mDC) may surpass tolerance, broadening of the antigenic repertoire remains an issue. We report that fusion of the candidate idiotype vaccine IGKV3-20 to the Gly-Ala repeat (GAr) of the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen (EBNA)-1 inhibits degradation by the proteasome and redirects processing to the lysosome. mDCs transduced with a recombinant lentivirus encoding the chimeric idiotype efficiently primed CD4+ and CD8+ cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) responses that lysed autologous blasts expressing IGKV3-20 or pulsed with IGKV3-20 synthetic peptides, and HLA-matched IGKV3-20-positive tumor cell lines. Comparison of the cytotoxic response of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes activated by mDCs expressing the wild-type or chimeric IGKV3-20 reveled largely non-overlapping epitope repertoires in both CD4+ and CD8+ effectors. Thus, fusion to the GAr may provide an effective means to broaden the immune response to an endogenous protein by promoting the presentation of antigenic epitopes that require a lysosome-dependent processing step.
Debora Martorelli; Giuseppe Coppotelli; Elena Muraro; Riccardo Dolcetti; Maria G Masucci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0851     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8605732     Medline TA:  Cancer Immunol Immunother     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Cancer Bio-immunotherapy Unit, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, National Cancer Institute, Aviano, Italy.
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