Document Detail


Reliance on visible speech cues during multimodal language processing: individual and age differences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17886014     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current study demonstrates that when a strong inhibition process is invoked during multimodal (auditory-visual) language understanding: older adults perform worse than younger adults, visible speech does not benefit language-processing performance, and individual differences in measures of working memory for language do not predict performance. In contrast, in a task that does not invoke inhibition: adult age differences in performance are not obtained, visible speech benefits language performance, and individual differences in working memory predict performance. The results offer support for a framework for investigating multimodal language processing that incorporates assumptions about general information processing, individual differences in working memory capacity, and adult cognitive aging.
Authors:
L Thompson; E Garcia; D Malloy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental aging research     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0361-073X     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Aging Res     Publication Date:    2007 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-21     Completed Date:  2008-01-22     Revised Date:  2008-02-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603335     Medline TA:  Exp Aging Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  373-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA. thompson@nmsu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aging / physiology*,  psychology
Attention / physiology
Comprehension / physiology*
Cues*
Dichotic Listening Tests / psychology
Female
Gestures
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)
Language
Lipreading
Male
Memory, Short-Term
Neuropsychological Tests
Observer Variation
Reaction Time / physiology
Recognition (Psychology) / physiology
Speech Perception / physiology*
Visual Perception / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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