Document Detail

Reliability and validity of a Short Form of the Tobacco Craving Questionnaire.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18418787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Tobacco Craving Questionnaire (TCQ) is a valid and reliable 47-item self-report instrument that assesses tobacco craving in four dimensions: emotionality, expectancy, compulsivity, and purposefulness. For use in research and clinical settings, we constructed a 12-item version of the TCQ by selecting three items from each of the four factors that exhibited optimal within-factor reliability (Cronbach's alpha coefficient) and inter-item correlation. Smokers (N = 196) completed the TCQ-Short Form (TCQ-SF) after overnight tobacco deprivation and on a separate day during ad libitum smoking. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated acceptable model fit for a 4-factor model, with congruence coefficients suggesting high to very high similarity in factor patterns and magnitude of factor loadings between the TCQ and TCQ-SF in both conditions. Scores on each factor were significantly greater after tobacco deprivation than ad libitum smoking, were associated with measures of tobacco withdrawal, and varied with degree of nicotine dependence. Cronbach's alpha coefficients and average inter-item correlations were similar in both conditions and were consistent with reliability values obtained in the initial validation of the TCQ. Test-retest correlation coefficients were also similar to those found in a previous study. These findings suggest that the TCQ-SF is as valid and reliable as the 47-item TCQ in measuring tobacco craving.
Stephen J Heishman; Edward G Singleton; Wallace B Pickworth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-17     Completed Date:  2008-08-05     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  643-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Nicotine Psychopharmacology Unit, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Middle Aged
Reproducibility of Results
Self Concept
Sensitivity and Specificity
Smoking / psychology*
Social Perception
Tobacco Use Disorder / diagnosis*,  psychology*
Grant Support
Z01 DA000485-03/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

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