Document Detail


Reliability and validity of the Lifestyle Hypertension Cognitive Representations scale.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9677864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Lifestyle behaviors are thought to be guided by cognitive or mental representations that function to structure knowledge related to behaviors and goals. The Lifestyle Hypertension Cognitive Representations (LHCR) scale was developed to measure cognitions about hypertension-related behaviors on three cognitive dimensions. Items were derived from a literature and content analysis of qualitative data from 124 hypertensive patients. The three dimensions based on cognitive research generated subscales for perceptions (recognition), preferences (importance), and possibilities (future usefulness). Internal consistency reliability was adequate with alpha coefficients near .80 for composite and subscales in two independent culturally diverse samples. The total-to-total correlation with a related construct was low. One-way ANOVA demonstrated the expected results for known group differences by severity of blood pressure state for the composite, perceptions and possibilities subscales of the LHCR. Multiple regression revealed that the perceptions and possibilities subscales interacted to predict diastolic blood pressure. Together with socio-demographic variables explained the variance for a total of 25%. Further work is indicated to determine the instrument's usefulness as a basis for interventions to reduce blood pressure.
Authors:
M Scisney-Matlock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The ABNF journal : official journal of the Association of Black Nursing Faculty in Higher Education, Inc     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1046-7041     ISO Abbreviation:  ABNF J     Publication Date:    1998 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-02-04     Completed Date:  1999-02-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9112807     Medline TA:  ABNF J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  28-34     Citation Subset:  N    
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Division of Acute, Ann Arbor, USA. mscisney@umich.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Attitude to Health
Cognition
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Promotion
Humans
Hypertension / prevention & control*,  psychology*
Life Style*
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires / standards*
Reproducibility of Results
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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