Document Detail


Reliability of power in physical performance tests.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11286357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The reliability of power in tests of physical performance affects the precision of assessment of athletes, patients, clients and study participants. In this meta-analytic review we identify the most reliable measures of power and the factors affecting reliability. Our measures of reliability were the typical (standard) error of measurement expressed as a coefficient of variation (CV) and the percent change in the mean between trials. We meta-analysed these measures for power or work from 101 studies of healthy adults. Measures and tests with the smallest CV in exercise of a given duration include field tests of sprint running (approximately 0.9%), peak power in an incremental test on a treadmill or cycle ergometer (approximately 0.9%), equivalent mean power in a constant-power test lasting 1 minute to 3 hours on a treadmill or cycle ergometer (0.9 to 2.0%), lactate-threshold power (approximately 1.5%), and jump height or distance (approximately 2.0%). The CV for mean power on isokinetic ergometers was relatively large (> 4%). CV were larger for nonathletes versus athletes (1.3 x), female versus male nonathletes (1.4 x), shorter (approximately 1-second) and longer (approximately 1-hour) versus 1-minute tests (< or = 1.6 x), and respiratory- versus ergometer-based measures of power (1.4 to 1.6 x). There was no clear-cut effect of time between trials. The importance of a practice trial was evident in studies with > 2 trials: the CV between the first 2 trials was 1.3 times the CV between subsequent trials; performance also improved by 1.2% between the first 2 trials but by only 0.2% between subsequent trials. These findings should help exercise practitioners and researchers select or design good measures and protocols for tests of physical performance.
Authors:
W G Hopkins; E J Schabort; J A Hawley
Related Documents :
15532007 - A physiological comparison of synchronous and asynchronous hand cycling.
10658697 - A new device to limit extravasation during contrast-enhanced ct.
23252987 - Asthma and aerobic exercise: a review of the empirical literature.
19461537 - Changes of pedaling technique and muscle coordination during an exhaustive exercise.
12476857 - Effects of intensity and duration of exercise on total leukocyte count in normal subjects.
23128847 - Exercise training combined with electromyostimulation in the rehabilitation of patients...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0112-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-04     Completed Date:  2001-06-21     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. will.hopkins@otago.ac.nz
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Ergometry / standards
Female
Humans
Male
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Factors affecting performance in an ultraendurance triathlon.
Next Document:  Older people and AIDS: quantitative evidence of the impact in Thailand.