Document Detail


Reliability and clinical relevance of segmental analysis based on intelligibility assessment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18781075     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: In persons with a speech pathology, improved intelligibility is the fundamental goal of treatment. Identification of specific phonetic features that affect intelligibility, contributes to selecting intervention targets. The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether a segmental analysis based on a perceptual phoneme intelligibility assessment is reliable and can be used for target selection. Secondly, the hypothesis that the degree of agreement for phoneme identification may depend on the intelligibility of the speaker is addressed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 30 patients with pathological speech (11 dysarthric, 10 hearing impaired, 9 laryngectomees) were assessed by means of a standardized phoneme intelligibility assessment. The samples were judged twice by 9 experienced listeners. The inter- and intra-rater reliability for each test item were examined. RESULTS: The inter-rater reliability per patient for phoneme identification varied between fair and almost perfect (k: 0.24-0.89). The higher the patient's intelligibility, the higher the level of agreement (p < 0.001). The intra-rater reliability for phoneme identification across all patients was good (k: 0.603-0.787). CONCLUSION: A segmental analysis based on a phoneme intelligibility assessment is only reliable and clinically relevant in patients with a slightly to moderately decreased overall intelligibility level.
Authors:
Gwen Van Nuffelen; Marc De Bodt; Cindy Guns; Floris Wuyts; Paul Van de Heyning
Related Documents :
6837285 - Hearing sensitivity in patients with myxoedema before and after treatment with l-thyrox...
11564295 - Audio-vestibular evaluation in patients with behçet's syndrome.
8637835 - Mobility and balance in the elderly: a guide to bedside assessment.
8365015 - Sensory interaction posturography in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
9499475 - Consanguinity in question in two patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia who bear ...
15611605 - Reflex respiratory responses to progressive hyperoxic hypercapnia and normocapnic hypox...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-09-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica : official organ of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP)     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1421-9972     ISO Abbreviation:  Folia Phoniatr Logop     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-23     Completed Date:  2009-02-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422792     Medline TA:  Folia Phoniatr Logop     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  264-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Antwerp University Hospital, University of Antwerp, Belgium. gwen.van.nuffelen@telenet.be
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Phonetics
Reproducibility of Results
Speech Disorders / classification,  diagnosis,  etiology
Speech Intelligibility*
Speech Perception
Speech Production Measurement / methods,  standards

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effect of yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) on colonic transit time in healthy volunteers.
Next Document:  Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus elicits a weak interferon response compared to traditi...