Document Detail


Relevance of radiation compensation litigation to compensation for toxic exposures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24253767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Several recent court decisions add to the growing body of law concerning the responsibility of Government in radiation matters and the quantum of proof needed to show causation between radiation exposures and certain types of cancer and leukemia. The courts have also been addressing a wide range of compensation claims for exposures to toxic chemicals with demonstration of causation being a particularly difficult task. Meanwhile, the Congress has been attempting to legislate a far reaching administrative and judicial framework for compensating toxic victims, including an easing of burden-of-proof requirements for demonstrating causation and a broadening of the basis for admissibility of scientific evidence. Drawing parallels between radiation and toxic exposure problems can be both instructive and misleading. Some of the technical issues are quite similar, including the importance of person-specific exposure estimates and of epidemiological studies. However, the uncertainties associated with toxic exposures are usually far greater, and the scientific data base for relating exposures and effects is much more uncertain.
Authors:
G E Schweitzer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental monitoring and assessment     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0167-6369     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Monit Assess     Publication Date:  1987 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508350     Medline TA:  Environ Monit Assess     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Science Policy Studies, Environmental Research Center, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, USA.
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