Document Detail


Relevance of nontoxigenic strains as surrogates for Escherichia coli O157:H7 in groundwater contamination potential: role of temperature and cell acclimation time.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17626433     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nontoxigenic bacteria are commonly used as indicators for predicting the contamination potential of pathogens in natural or engineered aqueous environments. In this study, column transport experiments were used to examine the relevance of two nontoxigenic strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 as potential surrogates for the well-known pathogen. Experiments conducted at 11 degrees C indicate that only one of the nontoxigenic strains may be an appropriate surrogate for predicting the migration potential of the pathogen at low solution ionic strengths. Results of various bacterial characterization methods indicate that differences in cell attachment could qualitatively, but convincingly, be related to differences in cell surface charge. Additional experiments conducted at 22 degrees C reveal the influence of temperature on bacterial cell surface charge and cell attachmentto sand. The role of cell acclimation time to an artificial groundwater solution is also examined, showing little change in the degree of cell attachment over a period of several weeks.
Authors:
Felipe D Castro; Nathalie Tufenkji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-13     Completed Date:  2007-08-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4332-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B2, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acclimatization
Bacterial Adhesion / physiology
Escherichia coli O157 / growth & development*,  isolation & purification,  physiology
Temperature*
Water Microbiology*
Water Movements

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