Document Detail

Relativity and the lead-acid battery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21231773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The energies of the solid reactants in the lead-acid battery are calculated ab initio using two different basis sets at nonrelativistic, scalar-relativistic, and fully relativistic levels, and using several exchange-correlation potentials. The average calculated standard voltage is 2.13 V, compared with the experimental value of 2.11 V. All calculations agree in that 1.7-1.8 V of this standard voltage arise from relativistic effects, mainly from PbO2 but also from PbSO4.
Rajeev Ahuja; Andreas Blomqvist; Peter Larsson; Pekka Pyykkö; Patryk Zaleski-Ejgierd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-01-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical review letters     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1079-7114     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys. Rev. Lett.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401141     Medline TA:  Phys Rev Lett     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  018301     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Materials Theory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-751 20, Uppsala, Sweden.
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