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Relative volatilities of ionic liquids by vacuum distillation of mixtures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17616224     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The relative volatilities of a variety of common ionic liquids have been determined for the first time. Equimolar mixtures of ionic liquids were vacuum-distilled in a glass sublimation apparatus at approximately 473 K. The composition of the initial distillate, determined by NMR spectroscopy, was used to establish the relative volatility of each ionic liquid in the mixture. The effect of alkyl chain length was studied by distilling mixtures of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquids, or mixtures of N-alkyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquids, with different alkyl chain lengths. For both classes of salts, the volatility is highest when the alkyl side chain is a butyl group. The effect of cation structure on volatility has been determined by distilling mixtures containing different types of cations. Generally speaking, ionic liquids based on imidazolium and pyridinium cations are more volatile than ionic liquids based on ammonium and pyrrolidinium cations, regardless of the types of counterions present. Similarly, ionic liquids based on the anions [(C2F5SO2)2N](-), [(C4F9SO2)(CF3SO2)N](-) , and [(CF3SO2)2N](-) are more volatile than ionic liquids based on [(CF3SO2)3C](-) and [CF3SO3](-), and are much more volatile than ionic liquids based on [PF6](-).
Authors:
Jason A Widegren; Yi-Ming Wang; Wesley A Henderson; Joseph W Magee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-07-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of physical chemistry. B     Volume:  111     ISSN:  1520-6106     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Chem B     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-26     Completed Date:  2007-09-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101157530     Medline TA:  J Phys Chem B     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8959-64     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Physical and Chemical Properties Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305, USA. jason.widegren@nist.gov
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