Document Detail

Relative functional buffering capacity in 400-meter runners, long-distance runners and untrained individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8076624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Buffering is a factor which influences performance in short and middle-term endurance by compensating exercise acidosis. The aim of the study was to establish whether respiration parameters are a relative measure of buffering capacity and to study the influence of buffering on specific performance parameters. Three groups (each of ten subjects) with defined degrees of adaptation [untrained (UT), aerobic-trained (AeT) and elite 400-m runners (AnT) with a best time of 48.47 +/- 0.98 s] were examined in an incremental multi-stage test on the treadmill. Breath-by-breath gas analysis was performed using mass spectrometry and computer routines. Serum lactate concentrations were determined at each exercise level until subjective exhaustion. A value for the relative functional buffering capacity (relFB) was calculated using exercise metabolic parameters. Running speed at the lactate threshold was used as the starting point of buffering. The start of respiratory compensation of acidosis (RCP) was taken as the endpoint of buffering. RCP was determined at the point of decrease in end-tidal CO2 content (CO2-ET). RelFB was given in percent of buffering to running speed at RCP. Group AnT attained the same maximum performance data (maximum running speed, maximum rate of O2 consumption) as group AeT. However, these values were attained in group AnT with a significantly higher relFB (AnT: 31.0 +/- 3.2% vs. AeT: 15.7 +/- 3.9%, P < 0.0001), while a higher lactate threshold indicated a greater oxidative capacity in AeT (AeT: 3.07 +/- 0.26 m.s-1 vs. AnT: 2.68 +/- 0.22 m.s-1).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
K Röcker; H Striegel; T Freund; H H Dickhuth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1994  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-10-06     Completed Date:  1994-10-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  430-4     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Abt. Sportmedizin, Tübingen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise / physiology*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lactates / blood*
Lactic Acid
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lactates; 50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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