Document Detail

Relative efficacy of human social interaction and food as reinforcers for domestic dogs and hand-reared wolves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22851794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Despite the intimate relationship dogs share with humans in Western society, we know relatively little about the variables that produce and maintain dog social behavior towards humans. One possibility is that human social interaction is itself a reinforcer for dog behavior. As an initial assessment of the variables that might maintain dog social behavior, we compared the relative efficacy of brief human social interaction to a small piece of food as a reinforcer for an arbitrary response (nose touch). We investigated this in three populations of canids: shelter dogs, owned dogs, and hand-reared wolves. Across all three canid populations, brief social interaction was a relatively ineffective reinforcer compared to food for most canids, producing lower responding and longer latencies than food.
Erica N Feuerbacher; Clive D L Wynne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1938-3711     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-01     Completed Date:  2013-01-07     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  105-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed
Bonding, Human-Pet
Dogs / psychology*
Extinction, Psychological
Reaction Time
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Social Behavior*
Wolves / psychology*

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