Document Detail

Relationships of ultrasonic backscatter with ultrasonic attenuation, sound speed and bone mineral density in human calcaneus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11120369     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Ultrasonic attenuation and sound speed have been investigated in trabecular bone by numerous authors. Ultrasonic backscatter has received much less attention. To investigate relationships among these three ultrasonic parameters and bone mineral density (BMD), 30 defatted human calcanei were investigated in vitro. Normalized broadband ultrasonic attenuation (nBUA), sound speed (SOS), and logarithm of ultrasonic backscatter coefficient (LBC) were measured. Bone mineral density was assessed using single-beam dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). The correlation coefficients of least squares linear regressions of the three individual ultrasound (US) parameters with BMD were 0.84 (nBUA), 0.84 (SOS) and 0.79 (LBC). The 95% confidence intervals for the correlation coefficients were 0. 69-0.92 (nBUA), 0.68-0.92 (SOS) and 0.60-0.90 (LBC). The correlations among pairs of US variables ranged from 0.63-0.79. Variations in nBUA accounted for r(2) = 62% of the variations in LBC. Variations in SOS accounted for r(2) = 40% of the variations in LBC. These results suggest that ultrasonic backscattering properties may contain substantial information not already contained in nBUA and SOS. A multiple regression model including all three US variables was somewhat more predictive of BMD than a model including only nBUA and SOS.
K A Wear; A P Stuber; J C Reynolds
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in medicine & biology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0301-5629     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Med Biol     Publication Date:  2000 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-22     Completed Date:  2001-02-01     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410553     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Med Biol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1311-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Rockville, MD, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Absorptiometry, Photon
Bone Density*
Calcaneus / metabolism,  ultrasonography*

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