Document Detail


Relationships of predicted differences of dairy bulls and the performance of their crossbred progeny.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6685725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Actual milk and milk fat yields of 328 crossbred cows in first lactation in four experimental herds and Predicted Differences for the same traits on their 165 sires were the basic data used. Predicted Differences (PD) for milk and fat on a 1974 base were the measures of transmitting value. They were computed from all straightbred progeny of these bulls in milk recorded herds in the United States. Standard deviations of PD for the 95 Holstein and 70 Brown Swiss bulls were similar to those of all bulls of their breeds in use in artificial insemination at the same time. Regressions of milk yields of crossbred progeny on PD for milk were .77 +/- .44 for Holstein-sired crosses and 1.42 +/- .58 for crosses sired by Brown Swiss bulls. Corresponding values for milk fat were .55 +/- .41 and 1.25 +/- .60. The four regression coefficients averaged 1.00. Correlations corresponding to the four regressions were .22, .35, .17 and .31, respectively. These averaged .26, slightly higher than their expected value based on heritabilities of .25 for milk and fat yields. Regressions based on 405 straightbred Holstein and Brown Swiss progeny in the same four experimental herds averaged .99, while respective correlations averaged .21. These results suggest that selection of dairy bulls based on their progeny tests from straightbred progeny would be effective in improving lactation yields of crossbred progeny.
Authors:
F Ruvuna; B T McDaniel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1983 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-01-27     Completed Date:  1984-01-27     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1133-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle / genetics*,  physiology
Crosses, Genetic
Female
Lactation*
Male
Milk / secretion*
Pregnancy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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