Document Detail

Relationships between upper-arm anthropometry and soft-tissue composition in postmenopausal women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1503055     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The value of upper-arm anthropometry as a measure of lean- and fat-tissue masses in 140 normal postmenopausal white women was assessed by studying the relationships of these measures to total and regional fat, and lean masses measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Midarm circumference (MAC) was highly correlated with total and regional fat masses (r = 0.85-0.89, P less than 0.0001) but less so with lean-tissue masses (r = 0.26-0.34). Triceps-skinfold thickness was also correlated with fat masses (r = 0.70-0.74, P less than 0.0001) but not with lean mass (r = 0.02-0.09). The derived index, arm muscle area (AMA), was less closely correlated with fat mass than was MAC (r = 0.59-0.61), but its correlation with lean-tissue mass was comparable to that for MAC (r = 0.37-0.43). Multiple-regression analysis confirmed that the anthropometric indices were more closely correlated with fat than with lean mass. It is concluded that all these indices are useful measures of fat mass but that none, including AMA, is a specific index of lean-tissue mass in normal postmenopausal women.
I R Reid; M C Evans; R Ames
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1992 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-09-17     Completed Date:  1992-09-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  463-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology
Age Factors
Arm / anatomy & histology
Body Composition*
Body Height
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status*
Skinfold Thickness*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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