Document Detail


Relationships between self-regulation skills and physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption in obese adults: mediation of mood and self-efficacy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21526595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In cognitive-behavioral treatments for obesity, self-regulation is thought to be a strong predictor of behavioral change, but it is rarely directly measured in intervention research. Thus, how self-regulation interacts with other psychological variables regarding treatment effects is largely unknown. In this preliminary field study, self-regulatory skills were directly measured and were found to be significantly associated with both volume of exercise and fruit and vegetable consumption in severely obese adults (N=116) enrolled in a behavioral weight management program. Significant partial and complete mediation of the relationship between self-regulation for physical activity and physical activity, and self-regulation for appropriate eating and fruit and vegetable intake, respectively, were found by reported negative mood. Self-efficacy was not found to be a significant mediator of these relationships. The bivariate relationship between baseline scores of self-regulation for physical activity and self-regulation for appropriate eating was significant (r = .46), which supported the premise that self-regulation is a trait-like personal characteristic. Volume of exercise and fruit and vegetable consumption significantly predicted weight loss over 6 months (R2 = .35). Results were consistent with the few laboratory-based findings available and, after replication, may extend theory related to obesity treatment.
Authors:
James J Annesi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological reports     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0033-2941     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Rep     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376475     Medline TA:  Psychol Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-103     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
YMCA of Metropolitan Atlanta, 100 Edgewood Avenue, NE, Suite 1100, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA. jamesa@ymcaatlanta.org
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