Document Detail


Relationships between physical exercise and cognitive abilities in older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2789745     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated relationships between physical exercise and the cognitive abilities of older adults. We hypothesized that the performance of vigorous exercisers would be superior to that of sedentary individuals on measures of reasoning, working memory, and reaction time. We gave a series of cognitive tasks to 62 older men and women who exercised vigorously and 62 sedentary men and women. Multivariate and univariate analyses of variance, with age and education as covariates, indicated that the performance of the exercisers was significantly better on measures of reasoning, working memory, and reaction time. Between-group differences persisted when vocabulary, on which the performance of exercisers was superior, was used as a third covariate. Subsequent analyses showed that neither self-rated health, medical conditions, nor medications contributed to the differences between exercise groups. Results suggest that the possible contribution of physical exercise to individual differences in cognition among older adults should be further investigated.
Authors:
L Clarkson-Smith; A A Hartley
Related Documents :
1727835 - Low to moderate intensity endurance training in healthy older adults: physiological res...
15677835 - Motivational factors influencing older adults diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis to joi...
16372905 - The feasibility of whole body vibration in institutionalised elderly persons and its in...
11053325 - Initial ventilatory and circulatory responses to dynamic exercise are slowed in the eld...
24676435 - Treadmill training as an augmentation treatment for alzheimers disease: a pilot randomi...
1968005 - Changes in blood leucocyte populations induced by acute maximal and chronic submaximal ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology and aging     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0882-7974     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Aging     Publication Date:  1989 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-11-17     Completed Date:  1989-11-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904079     Medline TA:  Psychol Aging     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  183-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Scripps College, Claremont, California.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / psychology*
Attitude to Health
Blood Pressure
Female
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Memory*
Mental Recall*
Middle Aged
Physical Fitness*
Problem Solving*
Reaction Time*
Vocabulary*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG05370/AG/NIA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Age differences in memory performance and memory ratings as measured in a sample survey.
Next Document:  Age, exercise, and coding performance.